ORTHOPAEDIC SERVICES

Orthopaedic services aim at the treatment of the musculoskeletal system. This includes your bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, and muscles.

There can be many medical problems that can affect the bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, and muscles.

Bone problems may include:

  • Bone deformities
  • Bone infections
  • Bone tumors
  • Fractures
  • Need for amputation
  • Nonunions: failure of fractures to heal
  • Malunions: fractures healing in a wrong position
  • Spinal deformities

Joint problems may include:

  • Arthritis
  • Bursitis
  • Dislocation
  • Joint pain
  • Joint swelling or inflammation
  • Ligament tears

Common orthopedic-related diagnoses based on body part include:

Ankle & Foot:

  • Bunions
  • Fasciitis
  • Foot and ankle deformities
  • Fractures
  • Hammer toe
  • Heel pain
  • Heel spurs
  • Joint pain and arthritis
  • Sprains
  • Tarsal tunnel syndrome
  • Sesamoiditis

Hand & Wrist:

  • Fractures
  • Joint pain
  • Arthritis
  • Tendon or ligament injury
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Ganglion cyst
  • Tendinitis
  • Tendon tears
  • Infection

Shoulder:

  • Arthritis
  • Bursitis
  • Dislocation
  • Frozen shoulder (adhesive capsulitis)
  • Impingement syndrome
  • Loose or foreign bodies
  • Rotator cuff tear
  • Rotator cuff tendinitis
  • Separation
  • Torn labrum
  • SLAP tears
  • Fractures

Knee:

  • Cartilage and meniscus injuries
  • Dislocation of the kneecap (patella)
  • Ligament sprains or tears (anterior cruciate, posterior cruciate, medial collateral, and lateral collateral ligament tears)
  • Loose or foreign bodies
  • Osgood-Schlatter disease
  • Pain
  • Tendinitis
  • Fractures

Elbow:

  • Arthritis
  • Bursitis
  • Dislocation or separation
  • Ligament sprains or tears
  • Loose or foreign bodies
  • Pain
  • Tennis or golfers elbow (epicondylitis or tendinitis)
  • Elbow stiffness or contractures
  • Fractures

Spine:

  • Herniated (slipped) disk
  • Infection of the spine
  • Injury to the spine
  • Scoliosis
  • Spinal stenosis
  • Spinal tumor
  • Fractures
  • Spinal cord injuries

Services and Treatments

Imaging procedures can help diagnose or even treat many orthopaedic conditions. These include:

  • Arthrogram (joint x-ray)
  • Bone scans
  • Computed tomography (CT) scan
  • Discography
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan
  • X-rays

Sometimes, treatment involves injections of medicine into the painful area. This may involve:

  • Corticosteroid injections into joints, tendons, and ligaments, and around the spine
  • Hyaluronic acid injection to help relieve arthritis pain

Surgical procedures used in the treatment of orthopeadic issues include:

  • Amputation
  • Arthroscopic surgeries
  • Bunionectomy and hammer toe repair
  • Cartilage repair or resurfacing procedures
  • Cartilage surgery to knee
  • Fracture care
  • Arthroplasty
  • Ligament reconstructions
  • Repair of torn ligaments and tendons
  • Spine surgery, including diskectomy, foraminotomy, laminectomy, and spinal fusion

Newer orthopaedic procedures include:

  • Minimally invasive surgery
  • Advanced external fixation
  • Use of bone graft substitutes and bone-fusing protein

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